President Saddam Hussein recalled in his speech circumstances that led to the 17th of July revolution, and spoke about its political objectives. He referred to amiable relations among his comrades and how they pledged no harm to former President Abdul Rahman Arif and his family who now lead a respectable life in Al-Mansour district in Baghdad.President Saddam Hussein warned against interference in Iraq's internal affairs and the attempt to sow disunion between Iraqi Kurdish parties and the Iraqi government :
Then, President Saddam Hussein said : "Basically we don’t revolt against individuals but rather against a situation which became an obstacle hindering Iraqis from shouldering their national responsibilities, towards themselves, their Arab nation and towards its most important issue namely; Palestine."
President Saddam Hussein pointed out how the Turkish authorities allowed subversive Kurdish elements the freedom to cross the Turkish Iraqi borders over the past years and how the Turkish army swept across the autonomous region in the North of Iraq; a region which, prior to 1991, was secure and peaceful towards the region, towards itself, and towards its neighbors.
The President also said that instead of encouraging the return of legitimate Iraqi authority to the North of Iraq to insure Turkey’s own security across the border : "The Turkish authority appeared to be fascinated by the west’s ploy, providing and facilitating the political objectives of the armies of America, Britain and France, in imposing the infamous no-fly-zone at 36 parallel. They also provided bases and services to help the armies of those countries in their task to keep the region beyond the control of Iraqi state. Turkey also facilitated the mission of Western intelligence activities in line with US wishes and direction and paved the way for Israeli spies to roam the area near and right across its borders. And this at a time when Turkish authorities are complaining from the thorns bleeding their hands; thorns planted and nurtured by their own doing and those of the Americans and Zionists."
Reviewing relations between Iraq and Turkey and Turkey’s relations with the Arabs, President Saddam Hussein said : "For a long time Turkey and the Arabs were careful not to cause any harm to each other, and started to develop good neighborly relations that would reflect positively on both sides in general. Since the early seventies, Iraq has taken the initiative in this respect, specifically on the economic side. All may recall that the construction of the Iraqi Turkish oil pipeline and its installations was basically our own initiative and for that we endured much criticism and discontent from friends and Arab brothers alike."
"Similarly, and prior to the American aggression on Iraq in 1991, and the imposition of the embargo, Iraq suggested to Turkey many projects of mutual interest. Because, it is not sufficient to inherit generally good neighborly relation between Iraq and Turkey. Rather we in Iraq have to endeavor to provide it with means of stability and development."
"And when in 1984, Turkey asked Iraq to agree to some sort of security coordination on its borders, Iraq responded positively and mutual security arrangements on the borders between Iraq and Turkey were signed."
"When the US aggression against Iraq began, Turkish policy at certain known levels in the state hierarchy regrettably was aware of some of its provisions. But since we are keen to endorse aspects of harmony and peace, and not those of disunity and malice, as our religion Islam calls for in relations between Muslims and their neighbors, we assumed for this irresponsible, unjustified stance a special interpretation, notwithstanding the pain we felt, an interpretation that placed the Turkish stance within the general mood which prevailed at the time, where many norms of international and neighborly relations were shaken and upset."
To overcome this crisis and evade those thorns bleeding the hands of those who had sown them, the Turks and the Americans, President Saddam Hussein outlined the solution as he saw it : "It could be easily solved. It was the Americans and the Zionists who created this situation and it is they who are keeping it alive. Ending it will be through the national efforts of the keen people of Iraq, and in two ways : First, by cutting off the feeding source that keeps this abnormal state in the north and that is the departure of the forces which came under the pretext of "providing comfort" for the Kurds, yet they have only disturbed and caused harm to the Kurds. Second, by coordination among the neighborly states with the objective of achieving border security."
"The Turks are well aware that we are conducting on "open" dialogue with any nationalist from amongst our Kurdish people in the autonomous region, and with the political parties there, we also have well-established relations with parties and influential personalities ."President Saddam Hussein urged Turkey to rectify its stands :
Then President Saddam Hussein talked about the dimensions of Turkey’s dilemma and said : "We believe that there is a conspiracy against Turkey and against the Arabs with the aim to push Turkish policy to collide with Arab interests and Arab national security in order to isolate Turkey and subsequently facilitating its weakening then, turning Turkey more and more against the Arabs and against itself."
"This, as well as Turkey’s new policy in building up ties of military cooperation with the Zionists, some of which include aerial activities near Iraq and Syria, cause apprehension and suspicion and may lead to hostility if the wise do not take heed."
"In all that, we do not harbor any premeditated intent other than the wish that the Turks remedy their wrong towards the Arabs and Iraq with a spirit of a sincere desire to build up firm ties of cooperation. We also wish to defend the sovereignty, security and interests of our people and nation which is our right and duty as well as that of Islam."Commenting on this American policy President Saddam Hussein described it as follows:
Then, the President referred in his comprehensive speech on the 29th anniversary of Iraq’s national day to the American stand at the security council last June claiming that Iraq had breached the security council resolutions. The President recalled the maneuvers and pressures the American administration exercised against Iraq and its leadership. He drew a comparison between the Iranian political stand against Iraq during the Iran-Iraq war and the American stand now. President Saddam Hussein pointed out how the Iranians used to reject calls for peace and to end their war against Iraq:
"Because as they sometimes say they want to save the Shiites from Iraq’s leadership. They often say they want to save the Shiites from Saddam Hussein’s rule as if the Iraqi Shiites have no national identity, or without national and Arab roots. So, they need the sympathy of foreigners to establish a foreign umbrella for them in their own country. Such went the imposture of the Iranian officials at the time. Here, I am speaking of history to recall its lessons and recognize similar specimen of foreign imposture against our country. I say : Do you remember how the imposture and deceit of the Iranian officials continued under these slogans and claptrap and other slogans and claptrap including their demand that Saddam Hussein should give up authority in return for peace with Iraq."
"You may also recall, how I defied the Iranians, in the name of Iraqis and after relaying on God by declaring on Radio and Television : "I challenge you, Iranian officials, to agree to holding free elections or referendum wherein I would nominate myself on behalf of merely the Shiites among our brave Iraqi people while the Iranian official who was then at the head of the government would nominate himself in Iran and that a committee to supervise the election or referendum may be formed and agreed to by the two parties . And how the Iraqi masses roared in a confident, strong, faithful and composed voice from Faw city on the Gulf up to Zakho city in the north of Iraq:
"Not one third or two third of us. All of us love Saddam Hussein."
President Saddam Hussein then, referred to the Iranian officials’ reaction at the time which did not welcome this call . The Iraqi masses response surprised them and they were outraged: " The Iranians bombed Basra heavily. They bombarded all residential quarters to where-ever their heavy artillery could reach."
" I told Iraqis at the time that the Iranian officials had been defeated. The shelling of the people of Basra shows the bitterness of their inner defeat. As it is well-known that the majority of the residence of Basra are Shiites."
President Saddam Hussein said that the Iranians continued to strike at Basra from 1982 till the liberation of Faw city in 1988.
"As for the American administration, its stand towards Iraq’s leadership and people is no less ferocious than that of the Iranian. For in addition to the embargo it imposed on the people of Iraq, which denied them food, medicine and development in contravention to and in breach of all human rights just because the people of Iraq support their leader and hold on to their rights to sovereignty, the American administration was urging the security council last June to adopt a draft resolution to ban Iraqi nationals from traveling abroad."
"It is the feeling of frustration and defeat sustained at the hand of the people of Iraq, Arabs, Curds and armed forces: Two US defeats in nearly one year. The first was the result of the referendum day on 15th October 1995. The other was on 31st of August 1996 when we swept through the dens of CIA spies and agents in Arbil, the agents whom the US administration groomed to achieve its wicked delusions against Iraq, its people and its national unity."As for the relations with the UN security council, the president pointed out :
President Saddam Hussein stressed that apart from the deep sense of the bitterness of defeat, the only difference between the American and Iranian conduct is that the American conduct wants to prolong the embargo in order to "continue killing the Iraqis by denying them food and medicine and by preventing whoever needs to travel from doing so. This is the preface to the official declaration of the American administration's defeat, which failed to neutralize the will of the brave Iraqi men and the noble women of Iraq, sisters and comrades of Saddam Hussein. It is the same feelings of bitterness, nervousness and frustration; feelings of defeat experienced by the Iranian officials in 1982 when they bombarded Basra. Hence, it was an overt prelude to their bankruptcy and defeat ."
President Saddam Hussein then referred in his speech to the relations with the special commission of the security council and to the obligations of both Iraq and the security council and said : "There is no way to stabilize the relations between the special commission of the security council and Iraq’s representatives unless the commission respects Iraq’s sovereignty, and its concern over its national security and avoid provocation and manipulation."
"The relations between Iraq and the security council will not stabilize unless the security council respects Iraq sovereignty and national security as it had stated and stressed in its relevant resolutions. The security council should not ignore those resolutions, nor allow itself to be diverted from its independent free well by the allegations, designs and whims of the American administrations’ representatives."
"Iraq has fulfilled is obligations under the security council resolutions and has fully applied them. It is utterly unacceptable that the security council should not acknowledge these sacrifices of Iraq, and in turn fulfill its obligations by lifting the embargo once and for all, completely and comprehensively. "
" This is what fair-minded people all over the world including the people of Iraq and the Arab masses expect, otherwise the just people of the world foremost among whom are the Iraqis will pass their fair judgment. They would say that the security council failed in carrying out its will and shirked its responsibility to fulfill its obligations and hence became influenced by the whims and schemes of those ill-intentioned among its member."
"As we do not want for the relations between Iraq and the security council or between Iraq's representatives and the special committee to reach a dead end, we hope that the security council will set out to take measures which could convince us that it has actually started to fulfill its obligations even if this would lead the US to exercise its veto power."
President Saddam Hussein then explained the challenges that confront the Arab nation at present and in the future. He spoke about the historical background of dividing the Arab world, the role of colonialism in that division and most particularly the role of Britain in supporting the idea of a Jewish homeland in Palestine in order to split the Arab world into two parts and to revive the Jews’old hatred of Arabs.
The President affirmed that despite all that happened it did not prevent the Arab masses from feeling that they truly belong to one nation. He described that unity : "The Arab unity that we advocate does not call for depriving those enjoying special standing and prestige in their countries, of any of their bases of power or legitimacy, but rather calls for adding to their bases of power and legitimacy a greater, more comprehensive, firmer and more secure meaning. The aim of such unity, however, is not to take custody of other people's wealth, rather, it is a call, an effort, and a link to renew the source, the underpinnings, and the capabilities of wealth, enriching, and expanding it on the basis of cohesive, collective effort."
President Saddam Hussein, further, elaborated that "We call for a guaranteed national wealth and a flourishing gross national product but not frightened and terrorized wealth which can easily be driven by the wind and put at the service of foreigners after its custodians have been stripped of every meaning of freedom and power."
"The unity we need is a unity which closes but not divides the ranks. As for those who depart from its normal path and its meanings, then the blame should not be laid on that unity but on those who deviate from its course and prefer to be disobedient rather than the loyal sons."
"In any case we must all acknowledge the necessity of removing obstacles and barriers hindering the progress of the sons of our one nation so as they become to know each other, to move from one country to another, to trade and to invest their capital, manpower and know-how in all fields and in the manner they agree upon."
President Saddam Hussein stressed that when Iraq tries to remind its Arab brothers of those ideas it does not act from the fact that Iraq is a besieged country but rather to remind them that the Iraqis had always been forerunners of combatants for Arab unity and they have made generous sacrifices throughout the ages, ancient and modern. President Saddam Hussein elaborated that he attached importance to this unity in theory and practice in all his speeches and sayings on various occasions.
As regards the question of Palestine, President Saddam Hussein described Palestine as the crowning glory of the tireless struggle of our nation over the past half century and that Quds ( Jerusalem ) is one of the holiest and most sacred cities to faithful Arabs.
President Saddam Hussein then recalled the initiative he made on 12 august 1990 whose essence was that the Zionists must unconditionally withdraw from all the Arab territories they occupied in 1967 and only then, all other security council resolutions including those relating to the subject of Kuwait will be applied . The President’s initiative received great acclaim at both Arab and international spheres :
"When the Americans felt that this trend might further expand, particularly when they found out that the Arab masses felt strong enthusiasm and were supported in their attitudes by various political currents, factions and leaderships some of them where still in power, they came out with a promise that the alliance against Iraq is determined to bring about a settlement to the question of Palestine and also to the question of other Arab territories under occupation, provided that such a promise will be carried out only after the so-called ( liberation of Kuwait ) so as , in their words, to deny Saddam Hussein a reward."
"Then, a series of meetings followed, in Madrid, then in Washington, then in Oslo, after the perpetrators of the 30-state allied aggression against Iraq joined ranks. And these meetings gave birth to that entity of Gaza and small parts of Palestine .
And so it was. Those Arabs, who gave in everything, including the destruction of Iraq’s honorable capabilities and means, found themselves as if they were born in the open, trapped with no way out."
Having this in mind President Saddam Hussein raised the question about how to save what could still be saved at minimum moral and material losses . The least is we must not let the Zionists oppress the Arabs including Palestinians. He announced in his speech some definite points that could be a start for a policy which satisfies the Arab conscience and responds to the calls of history, justice and fairness . These points are as follows :
1 ) That official Arab meetings should convene to discuss one subject only, the question of Palestine, and that their discussions should avoid empty rhetoric, and should refrain from exchanging blame, reproach, accusations and bidding . Instead , they should be replaced by objective and unprejudiced discussions and quiet briefings, and analysis.
2 ) That the sessions and their deliberations, must not be recorded in sound or documented in writing except for the resolutions .
3 ) That if sessions are convened at a summit level, they should be confined to heads of states and kings alone, or with their respective foreign ministers.
4 ) That conferees must give themselves sufficient time for earnest discussions and serious resolutions freeing themselves from having prior appointments in their own countries or elsewhere.
5 ) That their objective for attending these meetings must always be, among other things, the higher Arab interest, including the interest of Palestine, for the sake of saving Palestine and holy Quds.
6 ) That they must never place foreign interests and views ahead of Arab interests and Arab rights.
7 ) That they must not set reconciliation as a pre-condition for attending a meeting. Those who wish to reconcile may do so and those who want to keep there differences may keep them.
8 ) That no joint statement is issued after the meeting, as such statement often contain certain compromises and solution that may eventually become void of any serious contents.
9 ) That they must agree on supporting President Yaser Arafat and Palestinian leaderships, regardless of the gains obtained ,or, the sins committed, and that the Palestinians principally; President Yaser Arafat and Palestinian leadership must convert the quasi entity they have achieved into an opportunity for better approach for monitoring and engagement of the Zionist and for mobilizing the Palestinians at home and abroad and that all must work towards undermining all elements of strengths in the Zionists body. "All this must be followed by a continuos Arab effort including financial support, coupled with sincere advice. Arab diplomatic efforts should also be consolidated to support the uprising of the Palestinian people, which requires the support of all , in particular , Yaser Arafat. Continuing the Intifada and its activities and those of Yaser Arafat may on the basis of mutual understanding, offer a new opportunity for him and for all Arabs to maneuver at diplomatic and other levels."
Yaser Arafat and Palestinian leaderships must reconcile amongst themselves and must agree on a joint representation for the conduct of the conflict so that their efforts, powers and views point in one direction. All Palestinian organizations under their various titles must cut off any relationship with any foreign party as long as Arab support including financial support is available."
" In any case, until Palestine is liberated, the Palestinians must avoid building a state apparatus that could turn into a heavy burden every time the Zionists threaten to abolish it or when they actually target it for destruction."
President Saddam Hussein demanded that attacking , defaming and condemning various Arab attitudes towards the question of Palestine must end and that self-criticism can be taken as a guide for enlightenment by proposing alternatives, or for, revealing hidden and invisible matters.
He also demanded, "All Arabs concerned must freeze their relations with the Zionists if they are not in a position to cancel them at present."
"All of us must realize that if international and regional circumstances have compelled the Palestinians to establish a sort of a relation with the Zionists, under coercive conditions and in line with formulas set by the Arabs, not in contradiction with the tactical and central goals agreed upon, then this should not necessarily compel other Arabs to rush or to compete for the (prize) of establishing some relations with the Zionists."
"Every one, stemming from his own position and post of responsibility, must make this clear to the Arab and Islamic masses, to consolidate further their beliefs and to fortify stronger their immunity in dealing with this pariah entity which violated Arab and Muslims sanctities, usurped the Arab land and continues to pose a direct threat and anger to the Arabs and Palestinians everyday."
President Saddam Hussein demanded that resolutions adopted by the Arabs relating to this subject must remain confidential except those for which their is an agreement on their announcement:
"The Arabs at this meetings should choose a committee to represent them at the security council if they decide to inform the security council of the resolutions of their meetings or to represent them at other regional organizations if the need, or necessity so arises, in order that the Arabs could play with the security council the same role that we already mentioned."
"The nomination of the members of the committee should not be on the basis of appearances or publicity which often caused damage to Arabs and foiled part of their previous attempts and may be their well-being. Also, the nomination must not be made with the aim of giving false prestige to those who are chosen."
President Saddam Hussein concluded his speech on the 29th anniversary of Iraq's national day by raising the question about the advantages gained by the Arabs by excluding Iraq from attending Arab summit meetings. He said, "such meetings are conducted in away that does not stir up anxiety nor concern among the Zionists. This is mainly because the participants know and the enemy can tell whether those in the opposing trench are soil- or gold-laden, or whether they are hoisting Yemenite or wooden swords."
President Saddam Hussein added : "The participants Know that Baghdad, as a symbol for the Arabs, has suffered a lot for the sake of Palestine and that Al-Hussein Missiles where fired from Baghdad and not from any other place against the Zionists to announce in the name of the nation the attitude of challenge and Jihad. Owing to this fact, neither the Arab people in the vast Arab homeland nor the Zionists or their allies would believe that the attitude of those who meet to discuss the issue could be serious enough when their statements contain word of insult to Baghdad whether by courtesy or be by intention in order to please some inferior individuals well known to the nation. It can also be taken by the Americans and Zionists as an evidence of the futility of such meetings. This may be the intention of those weak individuals. But, because of the fact that our nation is both alive and great then, we can find at every stage of its history one who can represent a collective Arab conscience. Thus, Cairo in the days of the late Abdul Naser represented the Arabs far better than any other Arab capital, and hence, no cause for stripping Egypt of its power were over voiced at a time he was raising a slogan for confronting the Zionists. Otherwise they would have listened to Nouri Al-Saed, Abdul Illah or other conspirators. Therefore, Arabs will not view any meeting with any seriousness over the issue of Palestine and liberating the occupied Arab lands from the Zionists if the resolutions, statements or debates of such a meeting carry insults to Baghdad or try to undermine Iraq's position. This was evident in a number of poor meetings held in the Arab world in a spirit of taking a step forward but stopping to pull back because there is not enough will power to lead the path of Jihad and proper action."
"Those who desire to face up to the Zionists conspiracies , intransigence, and aggressiveness must proceed towards the advance centers of capabilities in the greater Arab homeland and to the centers of the knowledge, honesty and sincerity with whole heartiness if the aim was to implement a serious plan to save others from their dilemma or to rely on those capable centers; well-known for their positions regarding the enemy, to gain precise concessions from it with justified maneuvers even if such centers including Baghdad not in agreement with those concerned, over the objectives and aims of the required maneuvers."
"The enemy is aware of this. Will the concerned Arabs ever know that the enemy understands ? Our enemy understands but will the other concerned Arabs ever realized that the enemy is serious ? Are those who are directly involved in games of politics serious enough over what is a national and honorable ( issue ) ? Are they capable of protecting their sanctities now that the Zionists are openly insulting the messenger of mercy and virtue, the Prophet Mohammed ( may peace be upon him ) and are seizing his place of flight , the holy Quds ?"
Allah is great
Allah is great
Let the despicable be despised."
Layout, text and emphasis by Nahj Group Baghdad/Masbah sq Tel:7190300, 7185027 Fax: 7172449