Born on April 28, 1937, in Tikrit, the seat of the Saladdin Province where
he finished his primary school.
Married with five children: two boys and three girls.
Escaped to Syria and thence to Egypt where he completed his secondary school
studies in 1962.
Admitted into the College of Law in Cairo and attended in the period 1962-1963.
Having completed his third and fourth year of studies, following the July
17th Revolution, he obtained a graduate degree from the College of Law.
On February 1, 1976, he was awarded a Master of Art Honors Degree in Military
Science together with the Staff Degree.
In 1984, the University of Baghdad awarded him Honorary Doctorate in Law.
Joined the Arab Baath Socialist Party (A.B.S.P) in 1956
Arrested and imprisoned for six months, while he was a secondary school
student, over the years 1958 and 1959 for his political activities against
the regime at the time. He took part in the revolutionary operation against
the dictator Abdul-Karim Qassim who was Prime Minister in 1959. The operation
resulted in the dictator receiving several shots. Saddam Hussein was wounded
in the leg as a result a shot fired from a bodyguard.
Sentenced to death in absentia on February 25, 1960.
Returned to Iraq after the 14th of Ramadhan Revolution (February 8) 1963.
Discontinued his studies at the college, when in 1963 he had to return
to Baghdad to lead the revolutionary struggle against the reactionary draconian
regime that had previously toppled the Baath Government.
He was not spared by the round-up campaign waged by the authorities that
began on September 4, 1964. He was arrested on October 14, 1963, with charges
relating to his leadership of the Baath Party's struggle against the backward
While he was under arrest, he completed and passed his first year studies
at the College of Law.
Elected as member of the Baath Party's Pan-Arab National Leadership in
1965 while still under arrest.
In September 1966, he was elected Deputy-Secretary General of the Baath
Party Leadership in Iraq.
Escaped from prison in 1967, to resume the leadership of the Baath Party
struggle. He was once again obliged to discontinue his studies because
he was chased by the secret police.
On July 17,1968, mounting the first tank that besieged the headquarter
(the Presidential Palace) of the head of the regime, he led a group of
Party members that forced their way into the palace in order to overthrow
the reactionary regime. Saddam Hussein played a leading and key role in
planning and then carrying out the Revolution that day.
On July 30, 1968, he was personally in charge of a swift operation to purge
the new government of the July 17 Revolution of certain of the old regime's
figures, who for purely tactical reasons, cooperated with the Baath Party
He all but officially undertook the role of Vice-Chairman of the Revolutionary
Command Council as early as July 1968; but was constitutionally elected
for the post of Vice-Chairman on November 9, 1969.
On June 1, 1972, he led the process of nationalizing Western oil companies
that had the monopoly of Iraq's oil.
On July 1, 1974, he was dubbed the rank of Lieutenant General and awarded
the Rafidain Order, First Class (of Military type).
He played a principle role in formulating and implementing the Autonomy
Law for the Kurdish citizens on March 11, 1974.
On October 8, 1977, he was elected Assistant Secretary General of the National
Pan-Arab Leadership of the Baath Party.
On July 16, 1979, he was elected Secretary General of the Regional Leadership
of the Baath Party in Iraq, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council,
and President of the Republic of Iraq.
On July 17, 1979, President Saddam Hussein was promoted to the rank of
On October 8, 1979, he was elected Deputy Secretary General of the National
Pan-Arab Leadership of the Baath Party.
On September 4, 1980, President Saddam Hussein led the Iraqi people and
the Army wisely and bravely against the aggression initiated and launched
against Iraq by Ayatollah Khomeini's regime. The war ended in Iraq's great
victory on August 8, 1988.
On July 30, 1983, he was dubbed the Revolution Order First Class.
On April 28, 1988, he was dubbed the Order of the people.
President Saddam Hussein actively led the modernization of the Iraq economy,
urging the construction of various developed industries and following their
administration and execution. He also supervised the modernization of Iraq's
countryside, the mechanization of agriculture, and the distribution of
land to farmers. He effected a comprehensive revolution in energy industries
as well as in public services such as transportation and education. He
also initiated and led the National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy
and the implementation of Compulsory and Free Education in Iraq.
Led his country in confronting the aggression launched by 33 countries
led by the US that waged war against Iraq. The Iraqis' confrontation that
is called by Arabs and Iraqis 'The Mother of all Battles' (Um Al-Maarik),
is where Iraq stood strong against the invasion, maintaining its sovereignty
and political system.
President Saddam Hussein has published several works in the intellectual,
political, economic, military, social, and educational fields. They are
available in translation from Arabic in the basic world languages.