1937/38/39 Cusp of Cancer Leo
April 26 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica,
Spain is bombed. In his report
of the Falangist attack on Guernica, British journalist George Steer
reports that he had found German bomb casings, connecting Luftwaffe
planes with the attack.
July 7 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge - Japanese forces
invade China. Often seen as the beginning of World War II in Asia
October 3 - Japanese troops advance toward Nanking.
Leo 8 Oct 1937
November 9 - Japanese troops take
Pluto station R 1 Nov 1937 00°Le08'
re- enters Cancer 25 Nov 1937
December 13 - Battle of Nanjing ends
and the Nanjing Massacre begins.
Japanese troops would slaughter over 250,000 civilians and prisoners
over three months.
February 12 - Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg of Austria meets Adolf
Hitler at Berchtesgaden and, under threat of invasion, is forced to
yield to German demands for greater Nazi participation in the Austrian
February 14 - The British naval base at Singapore begins operations.
March 3 - Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
March 18 - Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within
Pluto station D
11 Apr 1938
Leo 4 Aug 1938
September 29 Munich agreement of
German, Italian, British and French
leaders agrees to German demands regarding annexation of Sudetenland.
Pluto station R 2 Nov 1938 01°Le31' R
September 30 - Neville Chamberlain returns to Britain from
meeting with Adolf Hitler and declares "Peace In Our Time”
October 1 - German troops march into Sudetenland
October 16 - Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the United
States, condemns the Munich Agreement as a defeat and calls upon
America and western Europe to prepare for armed resistance against
October 31 - Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor
confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program
aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
November 9 - Holocaust: Kristallnacht
begins - In Germany, the "night
of broken glass" begins as Nazi troops and sympathizers loot and burn
Jewish businesses (the all night affair saw 7,500 Jewish businesses
destroyed, 267 synagogues burned, 91 Jews killed, and at least 25,000
Jewish men arrested)
re- enters Cancer 8 Feb 1939
January 13 - Black Friday: 71 people die across Victoria in one of
Australia's worst ever bushfires.
January 26 Spanish Civil War: Spanish Nationalist troops,
aided by Italy, take Barcelona.
D 13 Apr 1939
March 15 - German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and
Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist. The Ruthenian region of
Czechoslovakia declares independence as Carpatho-Ukraine.
March 28 Dictator Francisco Franco assumes power in
April 1 - The Spanish Civil War comes to an end when the last of the
Republican forces surrender.
April 3 - Adolf Hitler orders the German military to start planning for
Fall Weiss, the codename for the invasion of Poland.
enters Leo 14 Jun 1939
April 18 - The Soviet Union proposes a "peace front" to resist
May 7 - Spain leaves the League of Nations.
June 14 - Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British
concession in Tianjin, China, beginning a crisis which almost causes an
Anglo-Japanese war in the summer of 1939.
August 23 - Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Hitler and Stalin agree to divide
Europe between themselves (Finland, Estonia, Latvia and eastern Poland
to the USSR; Lithuania and western Poland to Germany).
September 1 - World War II: Nazi Germany invades Poland, beginning
World War II in Europe.
September 3 - World War II: The United Kingdom, France, New Zealand and
Australia declare war on Germany.